Lean Methods Prevent Adequate Contemplation of Second-Order Effects

Lean methods rely on an empirical method: an iterative loop of hypothesize, build, measure, learn, repeat. Taken to extremes, this method—often characterized as "move fast and break things"—leaves little time or space for the contemplation of second-order effects or impacts of a new technology.

Lean is also biased towards data that can be easily measured; as a result impacts that are not easily measured, including ethical or social effects, may not be adequately considered.



Bowles, Cennydd. “All These Worlds Are Yours.” Cennydd.Com (blog). Accessed July 11, 2021. https://cennydd.com/blog/all-these-worlds-are-yours.